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Pediatric Anesthesia
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2010;5(4):343-346.
Published online October 31, 2010.
The preemptive analgesic effect of nalbuphine in pediatric adenoidectomy or tonsillectomy
Keun Seok Park, Hyo Jin Byun, Jin Tae Kim, Hee Soo Kim
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dami0605@snu.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The effectiveness of preemptive analgesia is still controversial. This study was designed to compare the effects of nalbuphine used in the pre-anesthesia period and after surgery for pain control when performing adenoidectomy or tonsillectomy in children.
METHODS
Two hundreds four patients (aged 3 to 12 years) were randomly allocated into two groups: the preemptive group (group P, n = 98) and the intraoperative group (group I, n = 106). Nalbuphine 0.1 mg/kg was administered into the patients before induction of anesthesia in group P and it was injected at least 10 minutes after the beginning of surgery in group I. The anesthesia was performed in the conventional fashion. The pain score, the sedation score and the agitation score were checked and recorded in the postanesthetic room (PAR) at arrival (0), at 15 minutes and at 30 minutes.
RESULTS
The pain scores for PAR 0, 15 and 30 minutes were significantly lower in group I than those in group P. The other sedation scores or agitation scores were similar in both groups.
CONCLUSIONS
Nalbuphine used during the pre-anesthetic period was less effective than that used in the intraoperative period for pain control when performing adenoidectomy or tonsillectomy in children.
Key Words: Children, Nalbuphine, Preemptive analgesia
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