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Pediatric Anesthesia
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2011;6(4):397-401.
Published online October 31, 2011.
Relationship between blood glucose levels and fluids administered during perioperative period in fasted children
Jung Woo Yang, Tae Hun An
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, School of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea. than@chosun.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Fasting during the preoperative period is known to be a risk of perioperative hypoglycemia. Also, the administration of fluids containing glucose often causes postoperative hyperglycemia. So, we investigated what is the ideal fluid which does not lead to hyperglycemia as well as hypoglycemia in fasted children.
METHODS
Eighty ASA physical status I and II pediatric patients (1-7 years) were randomly divided into the four groups; Group I, II, III, and IV with twenty patients of each group. Patients in Group I, II, III, and IV received lactated Ringer's solution, 1 : 2 : 3 SD solution, 1 : 2 SD solution, and 1 : 3 SD solution, respectively during the perioperative period. Blood glucose levels were checked at pre-induction, 1 hr after induction and 1 hr, 4 hr, 8 hr after end of operation. NPO time and total amounts of fluids administered were measured.
RESULTS
There was no patient with preoperative hypoglycemia. There were no significant differences in the perioperative blood glucose level among the groups. There was no relationship between blood glucose level and fasting time or age.
CONCLUSIONS
We conclude that all of the four fluids with different glucose concentrations in this study were appropriate to the fasted children.
Key Words: Blood glucose level, Fasting, Fluids
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