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Anesth Pain Med > Volume 10(2); 2015 > Article
Pediatric Anesthesia
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2015;10(2):128-133.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.17085/apm.2015.10.2.128    Published online April 30, 2015.
The change of sevoflurane to desflurane after anesthesia induction induces rapid emergence without increased cardiovascular responses and emergence delirium in pediatric strabismus surgery patients
Boo young Hwang, Jae Young Kwon, Su Young Kim, Do Won Lee, Jung Min Hong, Eunsoo Kim
Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea. jykwon@pusan.ac.kr
Received: 3 November 2014   • Revised: 17 November 2014   • Accepted: 12 February 2015
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Desflurane has lower solubility and shows a more rapid induction and recovery than sevoflurane, although it often induces increased cardiovascular response, emergence delirium, and respiratory complications. The change of anesthetic agent from sevoflurane to desflurane after induction may provide a smooth induction and rapid emergence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of changing sevoflurane to desflurane after induction on the cardiovascular response, emergence delirium, and recovery characteristics during pediatric strabismus surgery.
METHODS
For the study, 135 children scheduled for strabismus surgery were randomly divided into three groups: the S group (n = 45) and D group (n = 45) received sevoflurane or desflurane, respectively, for induction and maintenance, while the C group (n = 45) received sevoflurane for induction and desflurane for maintenance. Cardiovascular responses, pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium (PAED) scale scores, post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) length of stay, and the incidence of postoperative complications were compared between groups.
RESULTS
The blood pressure of the D group was significantly different from that of the S and C groups (P < 0.05). The time to extubation and first crying were significantly longer in the S group (P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in PAED score, PACU length of stay, and the incidence of postoperative complications, except for cough, among the three groups.
CONCLUSIONS
The change of desflurane after sevoflurane induction in pediatric strabismus surgery provided rapid emergence compared with sevoflurane, and attenuated cardiovascular responses and lesser respiratory complications as compared to desflurane. The emergence delirium was not influenced by either inhalational anesthetic.
Key Words: Desflurane, Emergence delirium, Pediatric, Sevoflurane, Strabismus surgery
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